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Arizona Criminal Law

What Happens if I Violate my Bail Conditions?

What Happens if I Violate my Bail Conditions?

If you’re arrested for a crime in Arizona, you will likely be given a bond by the judge in your case. When you receive this bond, you’ll have to abide by several “bail conditions.” What are these bond conditions? They’re particular to every case, but in most instances, they will be based on special factors related to your crime. If you were arrested for driving while intoxicated, for instance, you will likely be required to attend alcohol classes or put an interlock device in your car. You may be required to avoid contact with any victim in your case. Almost each types of bond in Arizona will include conditions related to avoiding drug use or future crimes. The interesting question then revolves around what happens if you violate these conditions. Here’s a guide.

Man vs. Judge: What options will the court have if I violate my bail conditions?

At the outset, you should know that the trial judge will have the power to revoke your bond if you fail to live up to the conditions under which it was imposed. Judges have significant leeway to make their own decisions during this process. Some will give you a break, allowing you to continue on bond. Others will drive a hard bargain, revoking your bond the first time you make a mistake. Your will lawyer should have a good sense of just how restrictive your judge will be.

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What is Reasonable Suspicion to Search My Car?

What is Reasonable Suspicion to Search My Car?

If a police officer has pulled you over and searched your car, you may have had questions about what your rights are and what the police are allowed to do.

  • What do police officers need to pull me over?
  • Can they search my car even if I haven’t committed a crime?
  • What do I need to know to protect myself?

While the specific answers depend on the situation, there are four critical things that you need to know about reasonable suspicion and what rules the police must follow.

Watch this short video from David Cantor about “No Reasonable Suspicion to Stop

1. What is Reasonable Suspicion to Search?

The only standard that a police officer needs to meet to pull your car over—which is also known as an investigatory stop—is reasonable suspicion, but what does that mean? Reasonable suspicion in its most basic sense says that “an officer has reasonable suspicion to believe that a crime has been committed.” While this standard may seem simple, reasonable suspicious contains other rules that must also be met.

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What is Considered Aggravated Assault in Arizona?

What is Considered Aggravated Assault in Arizona?

A person may be charged with aggravated assault in Arizona if they have an altercation with another person. If you or a loved one has been charged with this crime or you’re concerned about being charged and you want to know more, you may find the following information helpful. You need to learn what assault means, how aggravated assault differs and the penalties that go along with the charge if you are convicted.

What is the Definition of Assault?

According to the Arizona Revised Statute, assault (see: ARS 13-1203) happens when someone attacks another person with the intent to do harm. Even someone who attempts to harm another person but doesn’t succeed could be charged with assault. This may be a misdemeanor or it can be upgraded to a felony charge, which has more serious repercussions.

Someone may be charged with assault whether they attacked the other person or both people were mutually fighting. The attacker may not have touched the other person, but they fear being attacked because of the person’s behavior.

An example of assault that doesn’t involve physical violence would be the following: Bill and Joe meet on the street and Bill lifts his hand in a fist as if he’s about to hit Joe. He yells, “I’m going to get you for what you did.” He could be charged with assault even though he hadn’t touched Joe, but the threat was real. Joe was frightened by the raised fist. If there had been no behavior or words, a charge of assault could not have been made even if Joe was afraid of Bill. It is the action of the person that makes the charge, not the reaction of the potential victim.

What Makes Assault Aggravated?

An assault may be labeled as aggravated for a few reasons. If there is an extenuating factor such as a weapon, it may be called aggravated assault (see: ARS 13-1204). Another factor that would turn an assault into something more is the relationship between the two people.

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What to do if You Are Arrested for a Felony in Arizona

What to do if You Are Arrested for a Felony in Arizona

If you have been arrested in Arizona for a felony charge, it is vital that you understand your rights. A felony conviction can have significant consequences and may result in revocation of certain rights. Rights such as the right to vote and to possess a firearm. Because of this, you should be mindful of your rights and should contact an Arizona defense attorney as soon as possible.

What are some of Your Rights after you are Arrested for a Felony?

After you are placed under arrest for a felony offense, you have certain constitutional rights that are intended to protect your interests. These rights include the following:

The right to remain silent

  • The right to remain silent: After you are arrested, you are under no obligation to speak with law enforcement about the event. Police officers are often well-trained in interrogation tactics and will seek to obtain information that could be used against you in court. The prosecution frequently relies upon admissions made by defendants or inferences that can be drawn from statements that are made. To protect yourself and to limit disclosure of information, you should exercise your right to remain silent, at least until such time that you have legal representation present.

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How Long Can I Be Held in Custody by Law Enforcement?

How Long Can I Be Held in Custody by Law Enforcement?

In most cases, someone who is arrested will be taken into custody by law enforcement, processed into jail and then be formally charged with a crime before a judge during an arraignment hearing; but what happens if no formal charges are filed? Can the police hold you behind bars until they feel like taking action? How long do you have to wait before your case goes to trial? When should you involve a criminal defense attorney in your Arizona arrest case?

What Happens After an Arrest?

After an arrest, you are in a bit of a legal gray area. You have been taken into custody by law enforcement, but you have not been formally charged with a crime. As a result, you must remain in custody while awaiting charges for a period of time. If that time expires and you have not been charged, you must be released. While waiting, you will likely be brought before a magistrate judge who will determine your bail amount, if any. This differs from an arraignment in that, during an arraignment hearing, you are formally charged with a crime and are required to enter a plea. This is also when a trial date is set, and you will remain in jail until your trial.

If you are not charged within the hold period, you will not be arraigned, but a bail amount and the posting of bail may be required – see “how to post bail”. Once again, this is an area of legal limbo because you are still in jail while waiting to see what is going to happen, so you should contact your defense attorney as soon as possible after your arrest to ensure that you receive adequate representation from the start of the criminal justice process.

While Waiting in Jail:

  • Exercise your right against self-incrimination
  • Follow commands by law enforcement within legal boundaries
  • Contact your defense attorney
  • Know that you have not been formally charged with a crime until you have been arraigned

How Long Can You Be Held After an Arrest?

In Arizona, as well as in many other states, there is a limit of 48 hours after an arrest before formal charges have to be filed.

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Stopped at a Phoenix DUI Task Force Checkpoint

Stopped at a Phoenix DUI Task Force Checkpoint

What is the Arizona DUI task force?

The Arizona Governor’s Office of Highway Safety (GOHS) strives to prevent motorists from driving while impaired or intoxicated. AZGOHS awards grant funds to local law enforcement agencies, fire departments, and nonprofit organizations to reduce alcohol-related accidents, injuries, and fatalities. Funds are awarded based on the need for the project as determined by the ratio of the number of alcohol-related accidents and deaths to the total number of accidents and fatalities in the geographic area. The Phoenix, Arizona, Department of Public Safety (#AZDPS) DUI task force is a multi-agency effort with federal, state, and local law enforcement.

Despite the efforts of the Phoenix, Arizona, DUI task force to increase their presence on the highways, Phoenix parents still tried to drive under the influence of drugs and alcohol over the 2018 Halloween holiday. A 41-year-old woman taking six children under the age of 10 trick or treating in her SUV careened off the road and into a ditch at 8:30 P.M. on Wednesday evening. Her speech was slurred, and she reeked of alcohol when police arrived at the scene. Her blood-alcohol was twice the legal limit. She faces five counts of aggravated DUI, and she was drinking from an open container. Of course, she lost custody of the kids. In another incidence, a Phoenix police officer was injured when a vehicle rolled over onto him early Sunday at 27th Avenue and Camelback Road. The driver, charged with driving under the influence, was in possession of controlled substances at the time of his arrest.

What is a First DUI Arrest?

A first DUI arrest is not the end of the world, but you will do at least minimal jail time, pay a fine, and loss of your driving privileges. Your car insurance premiums will drastically increase when you get driver’s license back. When you get pulled over for driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol, you will be offered an opportunity to prove your innocence. The officer will decide what test of sobriety to provide you with. The officer may request that you get out of the car and walk in a straight line. If you refuse the test, your driver’s license will be suspended immediately.

How Can I Get My DUI Charges Reduced?

If you endangered children or injured others while driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol, you’ll face serious criminal charges. If your first DUI arrest involves an accident, our Phoenix DUI lawyer may be able to get your bail or charges reduced. Our lawyers can represent you in criminal court, traffic court, and civil court to try to salvage your rights and your freedom so you can return to work and your family or friends. Our criminal defense attorney can represent you in:

  • Criminal court
  • Drug court
  • Traffic agency hearings
  • DHS agency hearings
  • Civil litigation

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AP Interviews Criminal Defense Attorney David Michael Cantor Regarding Kavanaugh Case

Rachel Mitchell - AP News

Article Provided by: AP News
Date: 9/26/18

PHOENIX (AP) — A sex-crimes prosecutor tapped by Senate Republicans to question Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh about allegations of sexual assault could have a tough time in such a contentious political environment, Arizona attorneys who know her said Wednesday.

But her boss says Rachel Mitchell is a hard-hitting attorney who is used to handling high-profile cases and is one of the few prosecutors in the country with a deep understanding of working with sexual abuse victims.

Mitchell, a Republican, was expected to question Kavanaugh and the first woman to accuse him of sexual misconduct at a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing Thursday. Christine Blasey Ford’s allegation that Kavanaugh drunkenly assaulted her when they were teenagers has raised a political storm in the #MeToo era, and the GOP’s all-male presence on the panel made some want a woman to question Ford.

Mitchell is chief of the Special Victims Division in the Maricopa County attorney’s office in Phoenix. She supervises attorneys who handle cases involving child molestation, sexual assault and computer crimes against children in Arizona’s most populous county.

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Getting Legal Help in a White Collar Crime Case in Arizona

White collar crimes refer to financially motivated nonviolent crimes that are committed by business and government professionals. In the past years, white collar crime cases have made headlines and their frequency has increased in recent years. White collar crimes are often perpetrated by people who are in upper-level positions in business or in the government. They are usually committed by very well educated, smart, and respected members of the society whom people trust. However, these crimes are fueled by the greed for money, which leads to crimes, theft and other violations.

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