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Assault

What is Considered Aggravated Assault in Arizona?

What is Considered Aggravated Assault in Arizona?

A person may be charged with aggravated assault in Arizona if they have an altercation with another person. If you or a loved one has been charged with this crime or you’re concerned about being charged and you want to know more, you may find the following information helpful. You need to learn what assault means, how aggravated assault differs and the penalties that go along with the charge if you are convicted.

What is the Definition of Assault?

According to the Arizona Revised Statute, assault (see: ARS 13-1203) happens when someone attacks another person with the intent to do harm. Even someone who attempts to harm another person but doesn’t succeed could be charged with assault. This may be a misdemeanor or it can be upgraded to a felony charge, which has more serious repercussions.

Someone may be charged with assault whether they attacked the other person or both people were mutually fighting. The attacker may not have touched the other person, but they fear being attacked because of the person’s behavior.

An example of assault that doesn’t involve physical violence would be the following: Bill and Joe meet on the street and Bill lifts his hand in a fist as if he’s about to hit Joe. He yells, “I’m going to get you for what you did.” He could be charged with assault even though he hadn’t touched Joe, but the threat was real. Joe was frightened by the raised fist. If there had been no behavior or words, a charge of assault could not have been made even if Joe was afraid of Bill. It is the action of the person that makes the charge, not the reaction of the potential victim.

What Makes Assault Aggravated?

An assault may be labeled as aggravated for a few reasons. If there is an extenuating factor such as a weapon, it may be called aggravated assault (see: ARS 13-1204). Another factor that would turn an assault into something more is the relationship between the two people.

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What to do if You Are Arrested for a Felony in Arizona

What to do if You Are Arrested for a Felony in Arizona

If you have been arrested in Arizona for a felony charge, it is vital that you understand your rights. A felony conviction can have significant consequences and may result in revocation of certain rights. Rights such as the right to vote and to possess a firearm. Because of this, you should be mindful of your rights and should contact an Arizona defense attorney as soon as possible.

What are some of Your Rights after you are Arrested for a Felony?

After you are placed under arrest for a felony offense, you have certain constitutional rights that are intended to protect your interests. These rights include the following:

The right to remain silent

  • The right to remain silent: After you are arrested, you are under no obligation to speak with law enforcement about the event. Police officers are often well-trained in interrogation tactics and will seek to obtain information that could be used against you in court. The prosecution frequently relies upon admissions made by defendants or inferences that can be drawn from statements that are made. To protect yourself and to limit disclosure of information, you should exercise your right to remain silent, at least until such time that you have legal representation present.

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How Long Can I Be Held in Custody by Law Enforcement?

How Long Can I Be Held in Custody by Law Enforcement?

In most cases, someone who is arrested will be taken into custody by law enforcement, processed into jail and then be formally charged with a crime before a judge during an arraignment hearing; but what happens if no formal charges are filed? Can the police hold you behind bars until they feel like taking action? How long do you have to wait before your case goes to trial? When should you involve a criminal defense attorney in your Arizona arrest case?

What Happens After an Arrest?

After an arrest, you are in a bit of a legal gray area. You have been taken into custody by law enforcement, but you have not been formally charged with a crime. As a result, you must remain in custody while awaiting charges for a period of time. If that time expires and you have not been charged, you must be released. While waiting, you will likely be brought before a magistrate judge who will determine your bail amount, if any. This differs from an arraignment in that, during an arraignment hearing, you are formally charged with a crime and are required to enter a plea. This is also when a trial date is set, and you will remain in jail until your trial.

If you are not charged within the hold period, you will not be arraigned, but a bail amount and the posting of bail may be required – see “how to post bail”. Once again, this is an area of legal limbo because you are still in jail while waiting to see what is going to happen, so you should contact your defense attorney as soon as possible after your arrest to ensure that you receive adequate representation from the start of the criminal justice process.

While Waiting in Jail:

  • Exercise your right against self-incrimination
  • Follow commands by law enforcement within legal boundaries
  • Contact your defense attorney
  • Know that you have not been formally charged with a crime until you have been arraigned

How Long Can You Be Held After an Arrest?

In Arizona, as well as in many other states, there is a limit of 48 hours after an arrest before formal charges have to be filed.

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Man arrested second time for stabbing stranger in Phoenix

PHOENIX – 27-year-old Christopher Gale was arrested on Sunday for a second time on suspicion of aggravated assault and attempted first-degree murder. The incident took place at a Phoenix Walgreens store.

According to police reports, the crime actually occurred in September 2013 when Gale stabbed a stranger using an eight-inch knife he had bought from a Walmart store just a few hours before the stabbing. He went to a Walgreens store about four miles away from the Walmart store, approached a woman who was shopping and stabbed her in the neck from behind. The woman started screaming and an armed off-duty federal agent, who happened to be in the store, ran over from the checkout line where he was standing and pulled the weapon away from the woman and ordered Gale to get on the ground and put the knife down.

Gale was arrested for a previous crime but was found incompetent to stand trial for the charges he was facing. The charges against Gale were dismissed in May 2013 by a court commissioner and he was ordered to receive treatment at a psychiatric facility which he did. After his release from Desert Vista Behavior Health, a mental health facility in Mesa, Gale was subsequently arrested for the stabbing. According to the court documents, when Gale stabbed the woman at the Walmart store, she turned around to face her attacker who told her, “I’m killing you to save the world.”

The woman suffered a puncture wound which needed several staples. She was able to push away her attacker.

Gale later told the police that he bought the eight-inch knife to “stab and kill” someone.

According to Jerry Cobb, a spokesman for the Maricopa County Attorney’s Office, it is not yet decided if any charges will be filed again against Gale.

Gale had a run-in with the law in 2012 also when he was arrested on the suspicion of indecent exposure and drug-related offenses. He pled guilty to the reduced charges in that case.

Gale appeared in Maricopa County Superior Court on Friday for an initial appearance and is being held on $1 million bond on charges of attempted first-degree murder and aggravated assault. His lawyer , Roger Margolis, did not immediately return a call Friday for comment. The attorney was appointed on the orders of a commissioner to represent Gale in court.

Online court records did not describe the alleged crimes which Gale is facing. However, the commissioner who ordered Gale to undergo psychiatric treatment said in a May 29 order that Gale was a danger to others as well as to himself. He also said that he is unable to understand the nature of proceedings against him and needed assistance in his defense.

 

Author Bio:

Law Office Of Mark Rosenfeld provides strong and aggressive legal representation for DUI Cases in Beverly Hills, California.


58-year-old Phoenix man arrested for 1989 sexual assault, murder

PHOENIX – 58-year-old Cudellious Love, of Phoenix, was arrested on Friday by the Phoenix police officers after they found DNA evidence that linked him to an unsolved murder and sexual assault from 1989.

A report released by the Phoenix Police Department’s crime lab in January indicated a DNA match between a sample taken from the scene and a DNA profile in the state database. According to the court records released Monday, the DNA belonged to a 58-year-old man named Cudellious Love who was in prison for more than three years for a drug conviction. The DNA evidence linked Love to an unsolved murder and sexual assault from 1989.

The murder victim, Laura Hunding, of Phoenix, was stabbed to death in her apartment where her body was found in July 1989. According to the police, Love’s DNA was found on Hunding’s body.

Records show that there was no sign of forced entry into her apartment which was located near 48th Street and McDowell Road. Police investigated the murder, but they did not have any leads in the case.

Hunding’s body was found by her landlord at about 10:30 am on July 17, after witnesses reported last seeing her on July 16. According to the witnesses, Hunding had attended an Alcoholics Anonymous dance that night at Scottsdale Community College and she returned to her home alone.

Love was located and questioned by police on May 12 when he denied having any knowledge of Hunding or her murder which happened nearly 25 years ago.

According to court records, Love claimed he had never ‘messed with’ White women. He also claimed that he has never been to the victim’s apartment and was not familiar with the east side of Phoenix at all. The court records also stated that he was shown photographs of the victims and the victim’s apartment and he maintained he had never seen the victim or her apartment. He said there would be no reason his fingerprints or DNA would be found or identified as part of the crime scene.

Love was arrested on Friday 13 June after the agency’s crime lab determined that Love’s DNA matched the DNA at the scene. There was no mistaking that because “the approximate incidence of this profile is 1 in 110 quadrillion African Americans,” records show.

He was booked into jail on one count of first-degree murder in the death of 27-year-old Laura Hunding in July 1989.

Author Bio:

The attorneys at Bleile, Witte & Lape are committed to defend clients accused/ convicted of any kind of sexual crime throughout Cincinnati, Ohio.


Different Types of Homicides

In Arizona there are five levels of homicide.  The highest is First Degree Murder with the notice to seek the death penalty; which is called Capital Murder.  Capital Murder is when the prosecutor is not only looking to prove the standard first degree premeditated homicide elements but also has alleged  aggravating factors which are qualified as heinous, cruel and depraved.  For example, torture, mutilation of a body after its dead and fear of the victim before they died, just to name a few.  Typically, they are situations that people normally only see on grotesque TV shows and SAW movies.

However, sometimes the state prosecutors allege a Capital Murder charge that is simply absurd.  For example, we had a client who was charged with Capital Murder when an infant died in her care at a day care center.  Our client professed her innocence from the beginning but despite that, she was facing death.  Our work on the case ultimately showed that the infant died from medical implications and all charges were dismissed with prejudice.

Second Degree Murder is when somebody is reckless with their standard of conduct.  An example of this would be when somebody takes a gun and decides to shoot a paper target, ignores the fact that behind the target is a school yard.  This is an example of someone having a very reckless standard of care.  Typically, these types of charges stem from reckless handling of a weapon, however, the state will sometimes charge people with Second Degree Murder for deaths resulting from a DUI collision.

Although that happens, DUI vehicular homicides are more appropriately charged at the next level down called Manslaughter.  That is a negligent standard of care rather than a Second Degree Murder which is a reckless standard of conduct.  Most of the time we can get Manslaughter reduced to the lowest level of homicide which is Negligent Homicide.  Negligent Homicide is when someone caused the death of another.  This is the lowest level of homicide and the penalty can be as little as probation with no jail.

Although some of these offenses are more serious than others, they all carry significant penalties.  You need an experienced criminal defense attorney who knows how to successfully defend the charges.

There are many defenses to all of these levels of homicide.  If you need help with a homicide charge, visit the Homicide page and contact us immediately.


Mesa Driver Arrested for Assault and Aggravated DUI

Sounds like things got a little out of hand in Mesa this weekend when a motorist attempted to hit a few pedestrians as they tried to cross the street. Matthew Cochran was arrested for a number of charges including aggravated assault and aggravated DUI in Mesa, AZ.

From SFGate.com:

Authorities say a man is in custody in Mesa for allegedly trying to run over three pedestrians and assault a police officer.
Mesa police say 44-year-old Matthew Cochran is being held on suspicion of three counts of aggravated assault, aggravated assault on a police officer, criminal damage, possession of a dangerous drug, possession of drug paraphernalia and aggravated DUI.
Authorities say Cochran allegedly drove toward a man and woman walking on a road Sunday morning and then another man soon afterward.
Police say he then crashed his vehicle into the front of a gated community and allegedly punched a police officer before being subdued.
Police reported finding a small baggie later confirmed to contain methamphetamine along with a glass pipe.

 

If you need a DUI Lawyer in Mesa please click here or call our offices at (602) 307-0808 or send us an email through our confidential form.


Phoenix Criminal Defense Lawyer David Michael Cantor on What to Do if You’re Charged with Child Abuse

If you have been charged with Child Abuse, you’re going to require a skilled Phoenix Criminal Defense Lawyer.

The key to defending a charge of Child Abuse / Vulnerable Adult Abuse is to demonstrate first and foremost that any alleged abuse was not done “intentionally” or “knowingly” and remove them from the most serious punishment range (i.e., “Lack of Intent” or “Lack of Knowledge”).

The vast majority of Child Abuse cases are charged under the “recklessness” and “negligence” standards. The key is demonstrating that a person was not “reckless” and that their conduct was not a “gross deviation” from the standard that a reasonable person would observe in this situation. In regards to “negligence”, it must be shown that the person’s care was not a “gross deviation” from the standard that a reasonable person would observe in this situation. For example, if you are at the park and your child is playing on the jungle gym, and happens to fall off and break their arm, most people would agree that you have not engaged in a “gross deviation” from the standard of conduct or standard of care that a reasonable person would observe in that situation. The same applies to other household injuries. A mother or father cannot be expected to be next to their child 24 hours a day. Sometimes children are playing and they just accidentally injury themselves (this happens every day).

Click here to learn more about possible defenses and/or punishment for a Child Abuse charge.

It is important to hire an AV® rated law firm (the highest possible rating by Martindale Hubbell®). Also, David Michael Cantor is a skilled Phoenix Criminal Defense Lawyer, and a Certified Criminal Law Specialist, per the Arizona Board of Legal Specialization. In addition, the Firm and all of its Phoenix Criminal Defense Lawyers are listed in the Bar Register of Preeminent Lawyers®. At the Law Offices of David Michael Cantor, P.C., the majority of our Lawyers are ex-Prosecutors, and all of our Phoenix Criminal Defense Lawyers know the system well. For a free initial consultation, call us at 1-888-822-6867, or contact Phoenix Criminal Defense Lawyer David Michael Cantor.


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